Law 6043, also known as the Environmental Law of Costa Rica, is a comprehensive piece of legislation that provides the legal framework for environmental protection and natural resource management in the country. The law was enacted in 1974 and is considered one of the most advanced environmental laws in the world.
The law covers a wide range of topics and includes provisions for:
Air and water pollution control: Law 6043 establishes standards for air and water quality and provides for the creation of technical committees to monitor compliance. The law also requires companies and individuals to obtain permits for activities that may cause air or water pollution.
Waste management: The law requires the proper disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous waste and establishes penalties for illegal dumping and other environmental violations. The law also requires companies and individuals to properly manage their waste and to use environmentally friendly technologies whenever possible.
Protection of wildlife: The law provides for the protection of threatened and endangered species, including their habitats, and the creation of protected areas and national parks. The law also prohibits hunting and the trade of endangered species and their products.
Preservation of natural areas: Law 6043 requires the preservation of natural areas, including wetlands, forests, and other ecosystems, and the management of these areas to ensure their ecological integrity. The law also requires that activities that may harm these areas, such as deforestation, be subject to environmental impact assessments and permits.
Sustainable use of natural resources: The law provides for the sustainable use of natural resources, including water, minerals, and other resources, and requires that their extraction and use be in balance with their conservation. The law also requires that the exploitation of natural resources be subject to environmental impact assessments and permits.
In addition, Law 6043 establishes the National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC), which is responsible for the management and conservation of the country’s protected areas and national parks. The law also provides for the creation of environmental impact assessments and the granting of environmental permits for development projects.
Overall, Law 6043 is considered an important piece of legislation that provides a comprehensive framework for environmental protection and natural resource management in Costa Rica. The law is widely recognized as a model for other countries and has contributed to the preservation of the country’s unique biodiversity and the promotion of sustainable development.